Published on August 1st, 2014 | by Sally Wenham
Remembering Queen Anne
Today is the 300th anniversary of the death of Queen Anne who reigned between 1702 and 1714. Although her reign was short, the Post Office Shop was interested to find that Anne’s reign was quite heavily involved in the shaping of what we now know as Great Britain.
Throughout her reign, Anne was influential in unifying the parliaments of England and Scotland. Her role was so significant in fact that a commemorative £5 coin has been released to remember the 300th anniversary since her death so we thought we would give you a bit of an insight into the life of Anne.
Anne was born on the 6th February 1665 in the reign of her Uncle Charles II, who had no legitimate children. Her father James was first in line to the throne. His Catholicism was unpopular in England and on Charles’s instructions Anne was raised as a Protestant. Three years after he succeeded Charles, James was deposed in the “Glorious Revolution” of 1688.
Anne’s Protestant brother-in-law and Cousin William III became joint monarch with his wife, Anne’s elder sister Mary II. Although the sisters had been close, disagreements over Anne’s finances, status and choice of acquaintances arose shortly after Mary’s accession and they became estranged. William and Mary had no children.
After Mary’s death in 1694, William continued as sole monarch until he was succeeded by Anne upon his death. Anne became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8th March 1702. On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union two of her realms, the kingdoms of England and Scotland, united as a single sovereign state, the Kingdom of Great Britain. She continued to reign as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland until her death.
Queen Anne reigned in an age of artistic and cultural advancement and left behind political stability and prosperity. She died on 1st August 1714. She was the last in a dynasty, the last Stuart queen but significantly she was also the first queen of Great Britain.
If you are interested in the lineage of the monarchy, take a look at the framed Kings and Queens Stamp set which features 39 monarchs from 1399 to the present day.